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Symbolism in Waiting For Godot

Beckett’s Waiting for Godot is full of symbolism including the names of characters like Viladimir and Estragon, Lucky and Pozzo and even the hidden character; Godot.

Symbolism, if simply defined, is the use of some words, things or events without their apparent meaning rather referring something else.

I have highlighted some symbols throughout the play and will be explored deeply in-short: Read More »Symbolism in Waiting For Godot


World Literature and David Damrosch

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Damrosch’s book, named, “What is World Literature?” simply tries to answer about what makes a piece of literature a world literature. He tries to establish a connection that a piece of literature changes when it stops to serve a status of nation’s literature and this, says Damrosch, transforms when a literature crosses the border from one country to another. His book presents a quote from the Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engels: Read More »World Literature and David Damrosch


Analysis of Kafka’s “The Judgment”

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Kafka’s imagination is a “psychoanalytic” one and from all of his stories, The Judgment furnishes the clearest demonstration of his psychoanalytic vision. It is primary a psychological story.

The image that the judgment unfolds, is one of paternal censure and execution; it is the story of a father who’s sentencing his son to death. The essential metaphor of the story lies in the title, The Judgment, has both literal and legal-judicial meaning of “sentence or verdict”. The literal death sentence reveals the murderous truth buried underneath the abstract surface of the father’s opinion of the son. The story is symbolic and rises a question whether the father be a figure of godlike authority to his son, with the power to give and take life whenever he wants or he simply be one man like another. Shall his father’s judgment of Georg be a sentence of death on him or one man’s opinion of another? Is his father a god or just acting as a parody? Read More »Analysis of Kafka’s “The Judgment”

waiting for godot, lucky's speech importance

Importance of Lucky’s Speech in “Waiting for Godot”

Samuel Beckett’s remarkable piece of writing “Waiting for Godot” presents several interpretations regarding human life, existence, alienation and many many more. The play, published in 1952, is subtitled as “a tragicomedy in two acts”, means that this play has just two acts and has black humor. Themes of absurdity, alienation, effects of World War are significant. As the lack of communication between characters and absurdity of language, similarly, there’s a detailed speech of one of the character named, Lucky is highly symbolic.Read More »Importance of Lucky’s Speech in “Waiting for Godot”

modernism and postmodernism

Modernism and Post-Modernism Characteristics

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Modernism and Post-modernism are the two major literary periods in English Literature, prevailed in the 20th century, challenged conventional literary styles and witnessed the annihilation of two World Wars (I, II).

The modernist period, started around the turn of 20th century, witnessed writers responding negatively to the Industrial Revolution and devastating effects of World War I. Read More »Modernism and Post-Modernism Characteristics