The Greeks and the Greek literature have been the first main European civilization to create advanced literature, and their works affect us in the present day.
One of the oldest kinds of literature is poetry. Specifically, epic poetry, which makes use of verses to inform a long story about a hero. The oldest surviving works of the great Greek epic poetry are the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer round 800 BC. The Iliad and Odyssey inform tales which are part of history, part fiction, and part mythology however characterize how the Greeks remembered their past and understood their world. These two tales are additionally a few of the most generally read books within the modern world because they set requirements for storytelling, such as the traits of a hero’s journey, that affect us today.
When the traditional Greek civilization reached its peak within the fifth and fourth century, an era referred to as the Classical Period, literature blossomed and expanded.
In the fifth century BC, a person named Herodotus wrote a book that was the muse of historic writing. For centuries, rulers recorded necessary events and singers passed on native legends, however Herodotus was the first who systematically researched and picked up historic materials and organized them right into a single narrative. Although he usually combined in mythology or folk tales, this was nonetheless essentially the most accurate account of recorded history and began a development that modern historians still obey.
Read About: Who Was Odysseus in Greek Mythology?
The Greeks additionally turned random jots on philosophy, medicine, art, and engineering into full-length articles that different people might read and research. Scholars would then write new articles, resulting in a widespread educational community much like how scholars work together today. Because they wrote their analysis on this manner, many Greek scholars left behind legacies that we can learn. For philosophy, the works of Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle serve as the muse of Western ethics. Hippocrates wrote articles on medication which are still read in med schools. Euclid is taken into account the founder of modern geometry.
The Greeks invented theater, and over the course of their history wrote actually lots of plays that have been carried out in public theaters. Theater was so necessary to the Greeks that it was a part of festivals to honor the gods, the subject of extremely prestigious competitions, and a method to create a way of cultural unity amongst Greek cities that have been separated by seas and mountains.
In ancient Greece, there have been two types of theater that emerged within the fifth century BC. The first is tragedy, defined by human suffering, that evokes an emotional response within the audience. The opposite, after all, is comedy, which has a contented ending and follows a fool of a journey with disastrous, ironic, or downright funny results. The terms comedy and tragedy ought to sound acquainted; Greek theater remains to be used to define the themes of contemporary literature.
The Greeks liked theater, and so they wrote plenty of plays. Unfortunately, they wrote them a very long time ago. Over the course of two full millennia, almost all the unique Greek plays have been lost. Those that survive belong to the masters Sophocles, Euripides, and Aeschylus. That Greek theater remains to be such a prevalent part of our literature, regardless of just a few items surviving, is proof that it was extraordinarily necessary to ancient European societies. They copied the plays and copied the kinds till they have been established as the foundations of all Western literature.
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